A Study on the Structure of Character Strength of Chinese Mother and its Intervention in Group Sandp
A Study on the Structure of Character Strength of Chinese Mother and its Intervention in Group Sandplay Therapy
"How to be a good mother？" It has become a problem for more and more mothers. From the beginning of pregnancy, this topic has been put in front of all expectant mothers. Usually women will imitate their mothers, but sometimes the answers given by native families are not so satisfactory. More and more people realize the trauma in inter-generational transmission. Psychological studies mostly focus on the influence of "bad mother" on children. In clinic, it is not uncommon for people suffering from "mother's disease" because of the influence of "bad mother". In such an era of urgent need for positive energy, how to arouse the positive power of mothers becomes urgent and necessary.
On the basis of summarizing and analyzing the predecessors' research, this study adopts the methods of questionnaire, experiment and interview to explore the structure of character strength of mothers, and how to activate the character strength of mothers through structured group sand table, so as to become a better mother and improve parent-child relationship. On the basis of exploring the structure of mothers' character strength, the Mothers' Character Strength Scale was compiled as an evaluation tool. Specific research is as follows:
Study 1: The first study summarizes the characteristics and typical behaviors of good mothers in children's minds through theoretical discussion, open-ended questionnaire, text coding and statistics, and constructs the theoretical structure of character strength of mothers.
Study 2: Based on the theoretical structure of character strength of mothers, the Mother's Character Strength Scale was compiled as an evaluation tool. Exploratory factor analysis was used to get the structure of character strength of mothers, and confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the structure of character strength of mothers with Mplus software.
Study 3: The present situation of character strength of 1894 mothers in China was investigated by self-designed questionnaire "Mother's character strength Scale".
Study 4: The children from 51 families and their mothers were selected as subjects for experimental intervention, and structured group sand table was used as intervention means to stimulate the character strength of mothers and improve the quality of parent-child relationship.
The results are as follows:
Key Words：Mother ; Character Strength ; Group Sandplay Therapy